The work program of the “ACCHIAPPACARBONIO” (CARBON CATCHER) project includes 7 main activities
1. Acquisition of the starting material for the carbonization process:
The activity consists of the collection of woody agricultural waste produced by the companies involved in the project, located in the D areas (rural areas with development difficulties) for the subsequent carbonization, at the University of Parma.
2. Carbonization of biomass with biochar production:
The activity foresees the carbonization of the different biomasses deriving from the farms through the use of a prototype carboniser.
3. Distribution of biochar in the buffer zone soils: agronomic tests
Agronomic tests, in the four farms participating in the GOI, are held to compare two different doses of biochar, activated or not with sewage, manure and digestate. The tests are carried out on different crops for two consecutive seasons (details will be illustrated in the agronomic results of the tests).
4. Laboratory analysis
The laboratory activity, which is fundamental in this project, includes chemical-physical analysis on the biochar and phytotoxicity tests conducted by UNIPR. Furthermore, the University of Bologna analyzes soil samples, taken from the test fields to determine their carbon content before and after the distribution of the biochar.
5. Cost-benefit analysis of the process
The entire process object of the project is subjected to an accurate Cost-Benefit Analysis by the researchers of the University of Parma.
The project includes a training course for the leaders of farms belonging to the GOI.
An essential part of this project is the communication of the results. A final conference has been planned, as well as the collection of guidelines regarding the use of biochar in agriculture, based on the results of experience and laboratory tests.