INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES
For the agricultural sector, the challenge of climate change asks to implement an adaptation strategy in order to continue to guarantee the production of food, fiber and bioenergy whilst minimizing the emissions of gases into the atmosphere.
The soil, foundations of agriculture, with its large surfaces and long residence time, is an important deposit for the storage of atmospheric carbon.
In order to limit climate change, it is strategic, as well as reducing carbon emissions, to manage storage at best, seizing it in the vegetation, in the soil and also in the subsoil.
The recently recognized Biochar, a soil improver in agriculture, is internationally recognized among all the practices of agricultural land management, capable of carbon sequestration. The high stability of the Biochar assures to be an interesting "Carbon negative" technology because it sequesters more carbon, compared to the release of it into the atmosphere, during its production.
The objectives of “ACCHIAPPA CARBONIO” (CARBON CATCHER) can be summarized as follows;
- introduction in the agri-food chain of an innovative process for the waste carbonization and the use of biochar as a soil improver, with positive environmental, agricultural and climatic repercussions.
- introduction of an innovative patented system that is also economically accessible to small and medium-sized farms, able to guarantee energy independence through the carbonification (thermochemical decomposition) of agricultural waste.
- carbon sequestration in a stable and permanent form, in the soil, through the carbonification of plant biomasses
- Reduction of mineralization and loss by washing away organic matter